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Southern Caribbean Autonomous Region (abbreviated RACCS and formerly known as the South Atlantic Autonomous Region, RAAS) it is one of the two autonomous regions of Nicaragua . Its administrative headquarters in the city of Bluefields . It has an area of approximately 27,260 square kilometers and a population of 306,510 inhabitants ( 2012 ).



On September 13, 1502 Christopher Columbus discovered the Caribbean coast of Nicaragua, at the point of Cabo Gracias a Dios. The English started the occupation of the Mosquitia, under pressure from the Spanish crown since 1633 when the English captain Sussex Cammock, was taking guidance from the governor of the island of Providencia, Phillip Bell, in Cabo Gracias a Dios, founded a colony trade between the Miskito, named in 1644 as Nativity.


The first English colonies were Bluefields and Cabo Gracias a Dios, composed of a few whites, Indians and mainly blacks. The English were devoted to trade and agriculture on the banks of the Coco River and the Rio Escondido planting sugar cane and indigo. They depended upon the labor of black slaves.


The last Miskito king during the colony was King ROBERT HENRY CLARENCE (Chief) 1872-1908. Although he was dethroned by the Government of Nicaragua in 1894 when he died. On February 12, 1894, 350 Nicaraguan soldiers forcibly took possession of Bluefields, while the population slept. The soldiers seized government buildings and the archives of the Book of Mosquitia, and then raised the flag of Nicaragua. The Nicaraguan Commissioner General Carlos Lacayo, said that the reasons for attacking Bluefields was that was being badly governed by black Jamaicans. Robert Henry Clarence King and his government were declared rebels. King settled with his cabinet in Laguna de Perlas. Then he was rescued by the British and taken aboard a British ship, first to Puerto Limon, Costa Rica, and then to Jamaica, where he received asylum and pension for life. He died at the General Hospital in Kingston, after an operation in January 1908. A king without power, but in the local collective memory was still regarded as king. Clarence leaves his daughter, Princess Icile Clarence living in Laguna de Perlas. Currently the descendants of the last king live in Pearl Lagoon and Corn Island.

In 1986 it was joined with the Autonomous North Atlantic Region Department of Zelaya .



The RACCS is characterized by being the wettest; here the annual amount of precipitation is in the range of 2500 mm in its northern part, to more than 5000 mm in the extreme Southeast. The maximum precipitation amounts are recorded in the months of July and August and minimum in March and April.



Its multicultural and multilingual population are descendants of indigenous peoples, immigrants afroacaribeños constituting it mainly mestizos (81%), Creoles (8.5%) Miskitos (6.5%), mayagnas (2%), Garifunas (1.5%) and branches (0.5%).



  1. Bluefields

  2. Mouths of La Cruz de Río Grande

  3. the Ayote

  4. Rama

  5. Tortuguero

  6. Corn Islands (Corn Island)

  7. Kukra Hill

  8. La Cruz de Río Grande

  9. Laguna de Perlas

  10. Bullocks Wharf

  11. New Guinea

  12. Paiwas


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